Glandular Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Etc - ASSISTENT DOCTOR

Glandular Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Etc

ASSISTENT DOCTOR - Glandular Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Etc

    Have you ever heard of kissing disease?  Yes, this is a condition that in the medical world is known as glandular fever (mononucleosis). Learn more about this one health problem ranging from characteristics and symptoms, causes, treatment, to prevention!

What is Glandular Fever?

   Granular fever is a health problem that occurs due to a viral infection. The disease in the medical world  is  cut as mononucleosis is often dubbed as 'kissing disease'. This condition is often transmitted through  kissing. However, you do not need to worry because glandular fever is not really a time of health that is classified as dangerous. In fact, this condition can be cured without the need for treatment even  within a few days to weeks. In addition, people who have experienced mononucleosis will most likely become immune to  the disease later in  life.

Characteristics And Symptoms Of Glandular Fever 

    Glandular fever  is characterized by a number of characteristics and symptoms that  will generally begin to be  felt by sufferers after 4-6 weeks infected by the virus that causes  this disease. The symptoms of the  glandular  demam in question are as follows:

  • Fever
  • The body feels tired
  •  Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Swelling of the tonsils (tonsils)
  • Sore throat
  • Lymph nodes  in the neck area and swollen armpits 
  • The spleen organ is enlarged.
  • Liver   disorders 
  • Skin discoloration   to yellowish
  •  Rashes on the skin
  •  Red spots on the roof of the mouth

When Should I Check With The Doctor?

     Although in general mononucleosis is not dangerous,  but it  would be nice if you immediately see a   doctor if you experience the  symptoms above. What's more, if the symptoms of mononucleosis that you experience has been going on for a  long  time and does not also subside despite having been given related drugs.

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Causes Of Glandular Fever 

    The cause of  glandular fever  aka 'kissing disease'  is a virus, precisely epstein-barr virus. Viruses that    fall into the  category of human herpesvirus 4 is transmitted from one individual to another through the  salivating medium of a number of activities such as:

  • Kissing
  • Cough
  • Bersin

    In addition, touching or using items belonging to someone who has been infected with this virus  such as plates, glasses, and towels is  also a cause of mononucleosis. Mononucleosis, in addition to Epstein-Barr virus, is caused by other 'nasty' microorganisms such as Toxoplasma and Cytomegalovirus (CMV).   The symptoms caused by both organisms  make almost no  difference.

Risk Factors For Glandular Fever 

    Everyone has the potential to experience mononucleosis which  is influenced by a number of risk factors, namely:

  • Aged 5-25 years
  • Kissing activities
  • Exposure to  saliva (droplets) from patients who are sneezing  or coughing
  • Using the   same  items used by sufferers
  • Diagnosis of Glandular Fever 

To make sure if you do have mononucleosis, your doctor needs to perform a series of medical examinations consisting of: 

1. Anamnesis

    First of all,  the doctor will ask a number of questions to the patient regarding  the perceived  complaint.   Commonly asked questions include the  following: 

  • What symptoms  are felt?
  • How long  has  this condition lasted?
  • Have you ever experienced this condition before? If yes, how big?
  • Are there any family members who are also experiencing  this condition?
  • Has   there been any recent contact with other  sufferers?
  • Does it have a history of other  diseases?
  • Do you have a drug allergy? If yes,  what medicine?

2.  Physical Examination

    After that,  the doctor will proceed to the next stage of examination, namely a physical examination. At  this stage, the doctor will examine the  patient's physical condition   and analyze if  there are any abnormalities leading  to mononucleosis.

    For example,  the disease is characterized by  changes in the skin color  and eyes of the  patient to yellowish or the appearance of a rash on  the  skin. If these traits are  found, the doctor may almost be able to confirm that the  patient has glandular fever. In addition,  standard physical examination procedures such as  height,  weight, and  blood pressure checks will  also be performed.

3. Supporting Examination 

    If needed, the doctor will also  perform a supporting examination procedure to strengthen the results of the diagnosis. The examination in question such as:

  • Blood tests.  The doctor will take a sample of the patient's blood to be  further examined in the laboratory.   With this method, the doctor can find out if there is a virus that 'nests' in the patient's  blood.
  • Saliva examination  (saliva).  The doctor will take a saliva sample  to  be analyzed in the laboratory. Just like blood tests,  this saliva examination aims to find out  if there is a  virus in the  patient's saliva.

Treatment of Glandular Fever 

Glandular fever is treated in a number of ways.  Here's  how to treat mononucleosis that  you need to know and can apply.

1. Treatment Of Glandular Fever  At Home

    As mentioned  at the beginning, mononucleosis is  actually a type of disease that can be cured without the need for any treatment procedure.  Generally,  this disease will end within a few days to weeks, depending on the strength of  the body's immunity.

However, there are a number of things you need to do during the healing process, namely:

  • Increase drinking water  so as not to  dehydrate
  • Eating  nutritious foods (fruits, vegetables, etc.)
  • Enough rest 
  • Avoid consuming alcohol

2.   Medical Treatment Of Glandular Fever 

    Medical treatment   aims to help relieve the symptoms caused when you experience this disease.  Medical treatment   to overcome mononucleosis is done by   taking drugs such as:

  • Acetaminophen
  • Aspirin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Complications of Glandular Fever

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Although in general  glandular fever  is  not dangerous, but that does not mean the disease is free from the risk of  complications.  Some of   the complications resulting from mononucleosis include the  following: 

  • Hepatitis
  • Inflammation of the heart muscle  (myocarditis)
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Airways pinching  
  •  Blood cells have decreased in number.
  • Nervous disorders
  • Meningitis

Prevention Of Glandular Fever 

This health  problem  can be prevented.  The trick is as follows:

  • Avoid contact with people with glandular fever 
  • Keep clean diri diligently  wash hands, bathe, etc.
  • Drink a lot of  water.
  • Eat  nutritious food
  • Sport
  • Enough rest 

 Here's  information about mononucleosis that  you need to know.

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