Tonsillitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

ASSISTENT DOCTOR - Tonsillitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

The Tonelone is an oval-shaped tissue bearing on the back of the throat that serves as a defense mechanism and helps prevent the body from infection. If the tonsillitis is infected, it will lead to inflammation. See the following symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and inflammation of the tonsillitis drug at the pharmacy.


What Is Tonsillitis?

Tonsillitis is an infection occurring in the tonsillar. Although it can occur at any age, the conditions are most often diagnosed in children from preschool age to adolescence. Symptoms include sore throat, swelling of the tonelor, and fever.


This condition is contagious and can be caused by various viruses and bacteria. One of the bacteria that causes this is the pharyngitis bacteria. If this condition does not get serious treatment it can cause complications.

Symptoms of Tonsillitis

The following are the common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis that you can identify, such as:
  • Swelling of the tonelor.
  • White, yellow, or spotting coating on the tonelor.
  • Sore throat.
  • Hard to swallow.
  • Fever.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Hoarseny Sound.
  • Itchy throat.
  • Breath.
  • Abdominal pain, especially in young children.
  • Stiff neck.
  • Headaches.

Meanwhile, the sign of tonsillitis in small children is:
  • Hard to swallow saliva.
  • Hard to eat.
  • Fussy is more than usual.


When Is The Right Time To Go To The Doctor?

It is important to get an accurate diagnosis if your child or you have symptoms that can indicate tonsillitis. Immediately to the doctor if experiencing:
  • A sore throat that does not disappear in 24 to 48 hours.
  • Hard to swallow.
  • Extreme fatigue.
  • Breathing difficulty.
  • Excessive mengiler.
  • Causes of tonsillitis
Keep in mind, the Tonelone is the first line of immune system defences that fight bacteria and viruses that enter the mouth. This makes the tonelis very susceptible to infections and inflammation. The most common bacteria that cause tonsillitis are Streptococcus pyogenes.

Risk Factors

The following are some factors that make one risk for this condition:

Age. Tonsillitis is most common in children, but rarely occurs in those younger than 2 years. The inflammation caused by bacteria most often occurs in children aged 5 to 15 years, while the viral attack is more common at a younger age.

Often exposed to germs. School-age children often make close contact with their friends, making it risk of being exposed to viruses and bacteria.

Diagnosis of Tonsillitis

Generally, the doctor will conduct a physical examination immediately. These checks include:
See the condition in the throat with the flashlight to see if the infection occurs.

Examine the rash known as Scarlatina, which is associated with some cases of sore throat.
Performs gentle pressure on the neck to check if the swelling of the gland occurs.

Listen to his breath with a stethoscope.
Check the enlargement of the spleen (for consideration of mononucleosis, which also leads to inflammation of the tonelone).


Throat Wipe

This test is done by the doctor by rubbing sterile cotton in the back of the throat to obtain secretory samples. After that the samples will be examined in the laboratory to check if there are bacteria.


Complete Blood Count (CBC)

This test will show the profile of the blood cells that have increased, what is normal or what is below normal — can indicate whether the infection is more likely to be caused by bacteria or viral agents. This test is rarely needed to diagnose sore throat. However, if a lab test is negative, the CBC may be needed to help determine the cause.

Types Of Tonsillitis

There are types of inflammation of the Tonelor, among others:
  • Acute tonsilitis. These symptoms usually last 3 or 4 days but can last up to 2 weeks.
  • Recurrent tonsilitis. This occurs when you suffer from tonsillitis several times a year.
  • Chronic tonsilitis. This is the moment you have a long-term tonel infection.


Treatment

There are various medications to overcome tonsillitis. The following are the various ways of treating tonsillitis, including:

Home Care

Some simple treatment at home can help someone reduce the symptoms of tonsillitis:
  • Resting allows the body to conserve energy to fight infections rather than using it on daily activities.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids will prevent the throat from drying and become more uncomfortable. When the body responds to an infection, it requires more hydration than usual.
  • Gargle with salt water can reduce the discomfort in the throat.
  • Throats can help soothe the throat.
  • Dry air can irritate the throat. Using humidifiers or being in a steamy bathroom can alleviate this condition.
  • Avoiding irritation, such as tobacco and smoky locations, can help a person reduce symptoms.
  • Taking medication, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help overcome pain and fever.


Antibiotics

If tonsillitis is caused by a bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe a tonsillitis medication in a pharmacy such as antibiotics. Penicillins drunk for 10 days is the most commonly prescribed antibiotic treatment for tonsillitis caused by A Streptococcus group A. If your child is allergic to penicillin, the doctor will prescribe an alternative antibiotic.

Your child must consume antibiotics according to the prescription even if the symptoms are gone. Not taking medication according to the instructions can cause the infection to deteriorate or spread to other parts of the body. Not completing antibiotics in full can increase the risk of rheumatic fever and serious kidney inflammation in children.

Operating

Surgery for the removal of the tonsillectomy can be used to treat frequent recurrent tonsillitis, such as chronic tonsillitis or bacterial tonsillitis, which does not respond to antibiotic treatment.

Tonsilectomy can also be performed if the tonsillitis results in difficult complications, such as:
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Abscesses that do not improve with antibiotic treatment.
Tonsilectomy is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, unless your child is still very small, has a complex medical condition or if complications arise during surgery. Total recovery usually takes seven to 14 days.


Complications Of Tonsillitis

The inflammation of the tonelor can cause complications such as:
  • Breathing difficulty.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Infections that spread far to the surrounding tissues (tonsillar cellulitis).
  • An infection that results in a group of pus behind the tonsillar.
Additionally, if the antibiotic treatment that is being performed does not conform to the prescription, you are at higher risk of experiencing:

Rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disorder that affects the heart, joints, and other tissues.
Of glomerulonephritis, an inflammatory renal disorder that causes inadequate disposal of waste and excess fluid from the blood.

Prevention Of Tonsillitis

Washing your hands remains important in preventing the spread of viruses and bacteria that cause tonsilitis. Avoid prolonged contact with anyone suffering from tonsillitis and have never been taking antibiotics for at least 24 hours. Other precautions that can be done:
  1. Avoid sharing food and drinking with others.
  2. Replace the toothbrush after being diagnosed with this condition.
  3. Closes sneezes using tissue, or if there is no tissue lid with elbow. When forced to use hands, wash hands afterwards.

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