6 Best Medicine For High Blood Pressure - ASSISTENT DOCTOR

6 Best Medicine For High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a disease that is the main cause of various complications in the body, such as kidney failure, stroke, to progressive heart disease. There are currently several best medicines for high blood pressure that can be consumed to overcome this.

High blood pressure medication can prevent mortality and morbidity that occurs due to high blood pressure. In addition, this drug can also help lower blood pressure to as low as possible.

Medicines commonly used to lower high blood pressure
Ilustration : high blood pressure medication.

Lowering blood pressure is carried out so that the performance of organs in the body such as the kidneys and heart is not disturbed. Some types of medicines commonly used to lower high blood pressure include :

  1. Valsartan. Valsartan belongs to the class of Angiotensin Receptor Blocker (ARB) drugs. ARB work by blocking the hormone angiotensin, which constricts blood vessels, so blood circulation runs smoothly, and blood pressure decreases.

    This class of drugs is used if the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) class of hypertension drugs is ineffective. Valsartan is widely used to treat high blood pressure complications of diabetes.

  2. Furosemide. Furosemide belongs to the class of diuretic hypertension drugs. Furosemide at a dose of 40 mg is used to treat hypertensive patients with cardiac complications.

    This type of drug works by removing excess water and sodium levels in the body to decrease the amount of fluid and salt that flows in the blood vessels.

    In patients aged 50-60 years, Furosemide 40 mg is taken once a day for one month.

  3. Glibenclamide. Glibenclamide belongs to the class of beta-blockers. Beta-blocker hypertension drugs are not indicated as the primary treatment unless there are indications of diabetes and heart failure complications.

    Beta-blockers work by reducing cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. In addition, this class of drugs can also slow the heart rate.

    For people with hypertension aged 60-70 years, Glibenclamide is taken once a day for one month.

  4. Captopril. Captopril which belongs to the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor (ACEI) class of drugs, is generally used in hypertension with complications of diabetes mellitus.

    The way these drug works is by inhibiting the production of hormones that can constrict blood vessels. By taking this drug, the muscles of the blood vessel walls will become more relaxed and slightly dilated so that the pressure can be reduced.

    Captopril 50 mg is a type of hypertension drug that is safe and widely used in cases of complications of hypertension.

    However, there are things you need to know. High blood pressure drugs can increase the risk of abnormalities in the fetus if consumed by pregnant women.

  5. Metformin. The next best medicine for high blood pressure that is safe and effective is Metformin.

    This CCB (Calcium Channel Blocker) drug is proven to help reduce cardiovascular disease, which is at risk of causing heart failure. Metformin 500 mg is also often combined with Amlodipine 10 mg in some cases.

    Like other types of high blood pressure drugs, CCBs can also cause side effects in certain conditions.

    Some of the side effects that can arise due to CCB drugs are swollen feet, headaches, constipation, and chest palpitations.

  6. Spironolactone. The last recommended medicine for high blood pressure is commonly used to treat hypertensive patients diagnosed with heart disease.

    This high blood pressure drug is widely prescribed in diuretic therapy. In addition, this drug is generally combined with other medications such as Glimepiride 1 mg.

To get the best medicine for high blood pressure that suits your condition, keep checking with your doctor regularly. Don't forget always to take care of your food intake too.

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