Bronchopneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, And Prevention - ASSISTENT DOCTOR

Bronchopneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, And Prevention

ASSISTENT DOCTOR - Bronchopneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, And Prevention

    Bronchopneumonia is a disease that still belongs to the type of pneumonia, which is a condition that causes pneumonia. Symptoms include coughing, difficulty breathing, and fever. According to the U.S.-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pneumonia causes about 51,811 deaths each year in the U.S. Check out the full information below.

What Is Bronchopneumonia?

    Bronchopneumonia is a form of pneumonia that causes inflammation of both the alveoli (small air sacs) in the lungs and bronchi (airways of the lungs). People with this disease may have difficulty breathing because the pernapasan channel narrows. Because of inflammation, the lungs may not get enough air.

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    Symptoms of bronchopneumonia range from mild to severe. This condition is a type of pneumonia that is more common in children and the leading cause of death from infection is under the age of 5 years. Symptoms, causes, complications, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of bronchopneumonia are usually the same as pneumonia.

Signs And Symptoms Of Bronchopneumonia

    Symptoms of this disease vary from person to person, depending on the severity of the condition. Symptoms are more likely to be severe in people who have a weaker immune system, such as young children, the elderly, people who have certain medical conditions, or are taking certain medications.

Symptoms of bronchopneumonia in general include:

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain that may worsen with coughing or deep breathing
  • Phlegm cough
  • Perspire
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • dizzy
  • Muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Confusion or disorientation, the elderly
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloody cough

Causes Of Bronchopneumonia

    The most common causes of bronchopneumonia are bacterial infections of the lungs, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Viral and fungal infections of the lungs can also cause pneumonia.

    Harmful germs can enter the bronchi and alveoli and can even multiply. The immune system that produces white blood cells can attack these germs, leading to inflammation. Symptoms often arise from this disease.

Risk Factors For Bronchopneumonia

Here are a number of factors that can increase the risk of bronchopneumonia:

  • Infants under 2 years old
  • People over the age of 65
  • Smoking or drinking excessive alcohol
  • Recent respiratory infections, such as colds and flu
  • Long-term lung diseases, such as Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and asthma
  • Conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV or certain autoimmune disorders
  • Other health conditions, such as diabetes, heart failure, liver disease
  • Taking medications to suppress the immune system, such as chemotherapy, organ transplants, or long-term steroid use
  • Recent surgery or trauma

Diagnosis Of Bronchopneumonia

    To diagnose bronchopneumonia, the doctor will initially perform a physical examination and find out the patient's medical history. Respiratory problems, such as wheezing, are a typical indication of the disease. But the disease can cause symptoms similar to a cold or flu, which sometimes makes diagnosis difficult. If the doctor suspects bronchopneumonia in the patient, the doctor may perform one or more of the following tests:

  • Chest X-ray or CT scan. This imaging test allows your doctor to look at the inside of the lungs and check for signs of infection.
  • Blood tests. This test can help detect signs of infection, such as an abnormal white blood cell count.
  • Bronchoscopy. Test by inserting a device called a bronchoscope through the throat and into the lungs. This procedure allows the doctor to see the inside of the lungs.
  • Sputum culture. This is a laboratory test that can detect infection from sputum from a patient's cough splash.
  • Pulse oximetry. This is a test used to calculate the amount of oxygen flowing through the bloodstream.
  • Analysis of blood gas. Bag to determine the level of oxygen in the patient's blood.

Complications Of Bronchopneumonia

    Complications from bronchopneumonia can occur depending on what is the cause of the infection. Commons include:

  • Bloodstream infection or sepsis
  • Fluid buildup around the lungs (pleural effusion)
  • Lung abscess
  • Respiratory failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart conditions such as heart failure, heart attacks, and irregular heart rhythms

Treatment Of Bronchopneumonia

    Treatment for bronchopneumonia includes home treatment and medical care based on a doctor's prescription, including:

1. Home Care

    Bronchopneumonia is a disease that usually does not require medical stature unless the condition is severe. The disease usually improves on its own within two weeks. The cause of bacteria or fungi from bronchopneumonia may require treatment.

2. Medical Care

    If bacteria is the cause of pneumonia, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. Most people start feeling better within three to five days of taking antibiotics. It is important for the patient to complete all use of antibiotics to prevent the infection from returning and ensure it heals fully. In the case of a viral infection such as influenza, your doctor may be able to prescribe an antiviral to help reduce the length of the disease and the severity of bronchopneumonia symptoms.

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3. Hospital Care

    Patients with bronchopneumonia may need to undergo hospital treatment if the infection is severe and the patient meets one of the following criteria:

  • Over 65 years old
  • Chest pain
  • Having difficulty breathing
  • Breathing fast
  • Have low blood pressure
  • Showing signs of savagery
  • Need breathing help
  • Have chronic lung disease

    Hospital treatment may include antibiotics and intravenous (IV) fluids. If blood oxygen levels are low, the patient may receive oxygen therapy.

Prevention Of Bronchopneumonia

    Getting the vaccine can prevent some forms of bronchopneumonia. The American Lung Association (ALA) advises that children under 5 years of age and people over 65 should see a doctor to get a vaccine against pneumococcal pneumonia, which is caused by bacteria. Ala also suggests the following steps:

  • Get vaccinated against other diseases that can cause pneumonia, such as flu, chickenpox, measles, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), or pertussis.
  • Consult a doctor on how to prevent pneumonia and other infections when the patient has cancer or HIV
  • Wash your hands regularly to avoid germs.
  • Do not smoke because tobacco products damage the capacity of the lungs to fight infection.
  • Understand and recognize the symptoms of pneumonia

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