12 Diabetes Symptoms To Watch Out For!

ASSISTENT DOCTOR- One type of disease that is classified as massive is diabetes. While the disease is usually suffered by the elderly, the fact that you are still young is very likely to experience it. Diabetes is characterized by a number of traits or symptoms. Here is information on common diabetic symptoms that you need to know!


What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease caused by high levels of blood sugar in the body due to the inability of insulin to suppress the rate of increase in blood sugar. Diabetes consists of 2 (two) main types namely type 1 diabetes and type 2. Type 2 diabetes becomes the most sufferer type of diabetes, which is a percentage of 90 percent of the total case overall.

Characteristics and symptoms of Diabetes

1. Often Feeling Thirsty

The first common diabetes symptom is often or easily thirsty. In the medical world, this condition is better known as Polydipsia. Thirst is indeed a natural reaction of the body that usually arises when a person runs out of some activity such as exercising or being in a hot place.


However, in the case of diabetes, the thirst is not lost even if you have drunk a lot of water. This is possible because the blood sugar that accumulates in the blood causes the kidneys to work extra in filtration of the excess sugar.

As a result, the kidneys are no longer able to perform the maximal ' task ' which is characterized by excessive urine production.
Urine comes out making the body lose fluid. This condition is then responded by the body by sending a signal to the brain until the thirst arise.

2. Increasing Urination Frequency

Previously, it was explained if blood sugar (glucose) excess due to the inability of insulin to control the impact on the disruption of kidney performance.

The true kidney is in charge of filtration of blood sugar before it is re-absorbed by the body so it should work harder in filtering excess glucose to be then converted into urine.

The problem arises when the excess glucose makes the urine become more viscous than the Seharsunya. To dilute the urine, the kidneys will then utilize more body fluids. Now, this activity thus makes the body lose a lot of fluid so that the body more often feel thirsty.

Thirst will certainly make you more frequent drinking. Consequently, the bladder becomes more rapidly charged and leads to the desire to urinate increasing in frequency.The increase in the frequency of urination — in the medical world, is referred to as Polyuria — as one of the major diabetic symptoms occurs in the evening and makes the sufferer go back and forth to the small room between bedtime.

If you have a lot of urination frequency (more than 7 times a day) immediately visit the doctor for further examination.

3. Easy To Feel Tired

The next characteristic of diabetes that you need to know is that the body is easy to feel tired and not energized. In normal conditions, insulin works by channeling blood sugar to the body cells where blood sugar is used by the body as a source of energy.

When the insulin produced is inadequate (type 1 diabetes) or insulin is not able to function optimally (type 2 diabetes), it automatically inhibits the process of distributing the glucose to the body's cells.

As a result, the body does not get enough ' fuel ' intake to be able to perform its functions optimally. No doubt, people of this disease will feel the body limper and not energized despite regular meals and according to their portions.

4. Easy To Feel Hungry

Easy hunger is also a characteristic or common symptom of diabetics, whether it is type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Symptoms of diabetes in the form of hunger that comes continuously occurs because the body cells can not absorb glucose well due to inadequate levels of insulin or not to the efficacy of insulin to carry out its duties optimally. In fact, the absorbed glucose will be converted into energy.

With regard to the previous symptoms of the body being deficient in energy, this makes diabetics also easy to feel hungry which in the medical world is known as Polyphagia.

5. Drastic Weight Loss

Those who suffer from diabetes will indeed become more often eaten. However, this condition will not affect the increase in body weight. Instead of weight gain, that happens precisely the weight decreases drastically. Why so? The answer is none other than the inability of the body to absorb glucose which should be a source of energy.

The result is that there is no major ' Bahan'bakar ' to use, the body then uses the muscles and fats that exist as an alternative to energy sources. As a result, fat mass will decrease. This is what causes weight loss, even the decline can occur drastically.


6. Blurred Vision

Diabetes is also characterized by symptoms of impaired vision function, in this case, the vision becomes blurred. Reported from WebMD, vision that is blurred in the sufferer type 1 or type 2 diabetes because the high levels of sugar in the body causes the lens of the eye to experience swelling, bleeding, until nerve damage.

These conditions that affect the ability of the eye organs in carrying out function as a sense of vision. As a result, symptoms of blurred vision.
In more severe cases, the impact of diabetes on the eye can be more serious:
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Blindness
  • Eye disorders are possible due to a number of other factors, such as age. However, you need to be vigilant when these disorders arise at a productive age.

7. Skin Problems

Skin problems — especially dry skin — are another common symptom of diabetes that sufferers have felt. Whycan this happen? The answer is still associated with the characteristic diabetes that has been discussed the increase in the frequency of urination.

When you urinate, it means that the volume of fluid in the body will be decreased. If this happens often, the body automatically loses a lot of fluid, right?

Well, this condition that then also affects the condition of dry skin. Because the skin is dehydrated so that the moisture level is reduced.
Not only that, high levels of glucose resulted in the disruption of nerves. When this happens, the body will produce a substance called cytokine to deal with this problem.

The problem is that the cytokine production exceeding the limit affects inflammation. The inflammation then causes, one of them, the skin becomes dry and also itching, chapped, and appears black spots (acanthosis of the...).

8. Infection

Diabetes also makes the sufferer more susceptible to experiencing various types of infections, especially those caused by fungi and bacteria.
The range of diabetics to be exposed to yeast and bacterial infections is not separated from the high levels of blood sugar in the body. High blood sugar levels make the immune system less responsive in counteracting fungal and bacterial attacks. As a result, infections are unavoidable.

In addition, excessive levels of glucose also help the ' bad ' microorganisms to grow and develop rapidly. Some areas of diabetics who are susceptible to fungal and bacterial infections are as follows:
  • Mouth
  • Genitals
  • Armpit
  • Meanwhile, the symptoms of the infection may be:
  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Changes in color to redness
  • Pain
  • Burning sensation

9. Swelling Of The Gums

Still related to infection, subsequent diabetes symptoms are swelling of the gums and also bleeding gums. This one problem is due to the weakness of the immune system, causing bacteria and germs to easily infect the area in the mouth.
Do not delay to consult your doctor immediately when you find the gums are often swollen, easily bleeding, until the canker sores.

10. Feet and Numbness Or Tingling Hands

The high levels of blood sugar in the body in cases of diabetes have an impact on the blood circulation, regardless of the nervous system damage. As a result of this condition, diabetics — especially type 2 diabetes — will experience symptoms of numbness and/or tingling sensation in both the foot and hand areas.

Numbness and tingling in the legs and hands are actually a common condition that everyone must have experienced. In a tingling case, for example. A tingling in the medical world known as paresthesia usually occurs due to pressure on nerves and blood vessels caused by sitting or other positions.

However, you should be suspicious if this condition often occurs and is already taking place for a long time. It may be a symptom of diabetes. The reason is that diabetes also affects the damage to the nervous system.

Nervous system damage due to diabetes is referred to as peripheral neuropathy. These complications of diabetes if not immediately addressed can lead to decreased body mobility, even not infrequently causing defects. Therefore you should immediately consult your doctor if you often experience numbness or tingling in your legs or hands.

11. Harder Wounds Heal

Is it right now that there is a wound in your body because of falling, sharp objects, or something other, and until now not cured? If yes, it is best to be vigilant as this may be a symptom of diabetes!
The wound healing process that lasts longer than normal is usually one of the impacts caused by diabetes. This is because of narrowing and hardening of the arteries due to high levels of glucose.


This condition then inhibits the distribution of oxygen from the heart to the area where there are wounds. As a result, the wound becomes difficult to heal because the oxygen supply is actually needed for inadequate healing.

Oxygen itself plays a role in helping to repair nerves and tissues damaged by the wound. In addition, diabetes can also cause wounds to become more easily infected along with the weakening of the immune system.

12. Sexual Dysfunction

Diabetes also affects the sexual life of its sufferer. In men, erectile dysfunction (impotence) becomes one of the common symptoms of diabetes.
High blood sugar levels inhibit blood flow in the body, including blood flow to the penis. This will cause the penis to become unable or difficult to maintain an erection.

In addition to impotence, other sexual problems that are also susceptible to diabetics are decreased sexual arousal (libido).

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