10 Diseases Caused by Dangerous Flooding (No. 9 Deadly) - ASSISTENT DOCTOR

10 Diseases Caused by Dangerous Flooding (No. 9 Deadly)

For  people in almost all countries of the world, Indonesia is no exception, flooding is no longer a foreign scene. The high rainfall is lately accompanied by the coming flood disaster that strikes the settlements. Flooding does not only cause material loss, but also health. Some of the flood-related diseases also haunt. What are the kinds of flood diseases?

Kinds of diseases from flooding
Flood is a classic problem that until now still has not met the bright point of completion. In fact, flooding carries a huge impact of losses, ranging from material losses and time. In addition, flooding often sacrifices health because its advent also potentially raises a number of ailments.

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Here are the kinds of diseases caused by flooding that you need to know and beware of :

1. Diarrhea
One of the common flood diseases is diarrhea. Residential areas affected by flooding are certainly very dirty and filled with bacteria to viruses. As a result, the bacteria and viruses are contaminating the food and beverages consumed so that symptoms of diarrhea, such as abdominal pain, frequent bowel movements (BAB), and the faeces that are slimy with blood.

Diarrhea is a disease that should not be crossed. The reason, data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that about 2 million toddlers in the world died each year due to diarrhea, where 8.5 percent were experienced by children living in the Southeast Asian region, including Indonesia.

2. Cholera
Just like diarrhea, cholera is a flood-induced illness caused by contaminated food and beverages, this time by the Vibrio Cholerae bacteria.

The symptoms of cholera are the same as diarrhea, increasing the intensity of defecation (BAB). However, in cholera, the symptoms are also accompanied by vomiting.

3. Skin Pain
Flooding in the local settlements also affects the occurrence of diseases caused by flooding in the form of skin diseases. As we know, flood water is water that has been polluted by various dirt and bacteria, as well as viruses. One of the bacteria that contaminates flood water is E. coli bakter.

Now, E. Coli bacteria is what causes the skin disease. Skin diseases caused by flooding are characterized by a number of symptoms such as the appearance of reddish patches on the skin accompanied by itching.

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4. Tifus
Tifus or typhoid fever is one of the commonplace of a flood disease that occurs in communities affected by flooding. Tifus is an infectious bowel disease caused by salmonella bacteria. This bacteria derived from animal impurities that participated in flood water then spread to food and beverages consumed.

Tifus or typhoid fever (typhoid) makes the sufferer experience a number of symptoms, such as:
  • FeverH
  • HeadachesN
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
5. Bloody Fever (DB)
Speaking of rainy season and flooding, it is not separated from this one flood disease. Dengue fever (DB) is a disease caused by viruses brought by Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes. Many puddles during the flood became a ' worthy ' place for the mosquitoes to multiply.

Dengue fever is a serious and deadly disease if the sufferer is not dealt with immediately. Dengue fever is synonymous with symptoms such as :
  • High fever
  • Headaches
  • Muscle aches
  • Pain in the back of the eye
  • Skin redness Patches arising
Immediately visit a doctor if you or your child experience these symptoms in order to confirm the diagnosis of dengue fever and can be treated immediately before the condition gets worse.

6. Malaria
In addition to dengue fever, flood disease due to mosquito bites is malaria. If dengue fever is caused by viruses, malaria is caused by parasites of the Plasmodium type. These parasites are brought by female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria is characterized by typical symptoms such as high fever that is accompanied by a sense of weakness.

Just like dengue fever, malaria can pose serious complications that can be life-threatening when not immediately addressed. The reason, the parasite that is causing this malaria in its continuation can inhibit blood flow to a number of vital organs in the body.

7. Hepatitis A
The fact that flood water carries many bacteria and viruses, causing many diseases that attack the citizens whose environment is affected by flooding. Hepatitis A is one of the most threatening diseases caused by flooding.

Hepatitis A disease that affects the liver organs (liver) is also caused by bacterial infections. Hepatitis A has typical symptoms such as :
  • High fever
  • Vision Disorders
  • The discoloration of skin and nails becomes yellowish
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
8. Acute respiratory tract infections
Another flood-related illness that you should also beware of is an acute respiratory tract infection (ISPA). As the name suggests, the disease attacks the respiratory tract such as the nose, throat, and lungs as respiratory organs.

Acute respiratory infections (ISPA) have symptoms such as flu, fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Therefore, immediately consult your doctor if you have any of these symptoms to determine whether or not it is associated with an ISPA.

9. Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is a disease caused by a dangerous flood because it can cause the sufferer to die if it is not immediately handled. Leptospirosis is caused by a leptospira bacterial infection. These bacteria are generally transmitted through animal impurities such as rats.

Leptospirosis can enter the body through the skin, especially the skin that is open due to wounds, and also through the eyes exposed to flood water that has been contaminated by the Leptospira bacteria.

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The symptoms of leptospirosis include:
  • High fever
  • Headaches
  • Muscle aches
  • Bleeding in the lungs
Immediately visit a doctor if you or people around you experience the above symptoms in order to be able to do early medical treatment to avoid further complications such as inflammation of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), interference Respiratory, damaged kidney, and death.

10. Newborn Baby Dwarf
Flooding causes food and beverages to be contaminated by bacteria and viruses carried away with the flood water.

If the food and drink consumed by the pregnant mother, of course, will affect the fetal growth of the fetus that is located so that it will potentially be born in a physical condition that is not ideal in size and weight.

Tips for preventing flood-related diseases
In order to minimize your risk and the family experiencing flood disease, there are some tips to prevent diseases caused by flooding, namely :

1. Avoid running in flood water puddle
2. Consumption of food that has been assured hygiene. Avoid eating food sold on the roadside
3. Consumption of white water in tightly sealed packaging
4. Vaccinate

That's him information on the flood disease that you need to know and beware. While maintaining cleanliness, especially self-hygiene, is the key to avoiding the risk of those diseases, even if you are forced to face flooding.

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